The bilateral relation Romania-Turkmenistan has become a rapidly increasing one after the opening of Turkmenistan Embassy in Romania. It could be considered that the bilateral relationship has grown with an outstanding speed becoming a strategic partnership. The visit of Prime Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan H.E. Vepa Hagjyev for Romanian-European Union-Turkmen consultation in Bucharest between 24-26 January 2011 it is giving a new dimension and proof of the strength of bilateral relation. On 24 of January 2011 H.E. Prime Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan has held discussion with a Romanian delegation from European Council on International Relations and Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania headed by Professor Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations in order to build up a coherent strategy for further development and deepening of European Union – Romania-Turkmenistan relation.
Prime Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan H.E. Vepa Hagjyev and Professor Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations
In his speech Mr. Vepa Hajyev has praised the important part played by European Council on International Relations in the bilateral relation dynamic and asked for further support from European Council on International Relations and Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation in building under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan a similar institution with the European Union and Romanian one. Your successful experience in building a highly successful and influential Institute in the European politics will have his fruition for our part, underlined the distinguish guest. The discussions have touched on a variety of issues ranging from the preparative for a successful high level visit of President of Turkmenistan H.E. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov in Romania to economic cooperation. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations has emphasized the necessity to fulfill the bilateral agreements reached during his visit in Ashgabat in December 2010 in order to maintain the ascendant path in bilateral relation. So it was reiterated the opening of a European Union -Romanian-Turkmen Trilateral Economic Forum in 2011, of a Turkmen Art Exhibition, and to continue the cultural exchange program with more than 5 European union cultural delegations invited in Turkmenistan.
European Union -Romania-Turkmenistan: a successful political story
Concluding the discussion Mr. Vepa Hajyev has underlined in the European Union and Romanian part approval that European Union -Romania-Turkmenistan trilateral political relation could be described as an excellent one, the cooperation in international organizations is also a fruition one and there are all the opportunities for becoming a strategic partnership. The official visit of Prime Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan was a new success of Romanian and European Union diplomacy and a new step in building a long term relation with the Central Asia region, especially with Turkmenistan a beacon of democracy, political stability and economic development in the area. The Romanian-Turkmenistan relation is becoming a model for European Union relationship building with Central Asia region.
It is in human nature to search for answers regarding the shaping of the future. It is a natural impulse that today science is offering a response by such disciplines as futurology and political science. 2011 it is in many respects just a continuation of 2010 evolution in economy and foreign affairs and is creating the path for 2012 when new and decisive election will be held in United States, Russia and across the world.
The economic crisis will worsen.
A regular companion of world economy in the last 3 years was the economic crisis. The crisis that unlashed over United States in 2007 and soon consumed the all world. 2011 will be still a year of the crisis. United States fails to be the engine for recovery in economy is fighting a record public deficit of over 14 trillion dollars, more than 47 million americans living below poverty line and consumer confidence hitting record low. In politics a time and resource consuming battle between democrats and republicans in Congress and a paralyzed presidency of a crippled Barrack Obama , all this show that United States are far away not only from any recovery chance, but also for a stagnation that will be more favorable that the present day gloomy economic outlook.
European Union is also confronting severely battled economy .Public record deficits in Ireland, Greece, Spain and Portugal (famous PIGS of European economy) are hindering EU image as an economic powerhouse. France and Great Britain are far from being out of recession and Germany fantastic growth figures are regularly downgraded, making a shame of the famous German punctuality and honesty. Germany has long receded from being the leader and acumen of Europe to be the problem child of Europe economy. With record deficits, rampant inflation, record dropping life standards, Germany is looking set in becoming the next bailout candidate of Europe not the pillar of Europe recovery.
India and China also experienced a halt in their record growth figures and 2011 will see this figures rapidly diminished. China economy , is growing now only on internal market demand at the expense of here competitivity . Growing salaries and improving life conditions in China are surely positive news for Chinese people, but this is reflecting in a 35% increase in Chinese products prices in 2010. These tendencies will continue in 2011 and will reduce Chinese goods appeal in the world market. China and India are not in the position to drag alone the world economy out of the precipice. The economic crisis is here to stay in the next five years.
Pressure on China .
The most interesting political game of 2011 will be the cat and mouse game that Washington is playing with Beijing. In 2010 Washington wanted China`s alignment on anti-Iran resolution in the Security Council. It was enough for United States to play the economic card, agitating measures such as nominating China as a currency manipulator and imposing unilateral economic sanctions for China to back down and to support the US sponsored resolution in United Nations Security Council. In late 2010 when United States decided on a show of force on China Sea, at the door step of China, it was enough to describe China as a menace for the Far East region and to support Japan military resurgence for China to back down. It was reportedly that the December military exercises held by South Korea and US in East China Sea have being proven so efficient that China was put on a defensive posture.
In 2011 China will face new decisions: a new anti-Iran resolution that is drafted by US and will be put before Security Council in the spring of 2011, clearing the way for a military action against Iran. If China joins this resolution, his stance in the third world as an alternative power to United States and an agent of multilateralism will fade away definitively. Also United States are decided to support South Korea pressure against North Korea, pressure that will be efficiently only if China goes on board. In a word China is confronted in 2011 with the same decision as in 2010: should it be content with the stature of a middle power, as Great Britain or France ,and take care of his regional agenda or maintaining a great power profile embarks himself in a confrontation policy with United States ? Regional politics or big player, this is the alternative that Beijing is had to make.
Iran: new sanctions.
In December 2010 after failed talks, Iran and P+5 decided on a last ditch attempt in January 2011 to lift up the dialogue in Istanbul on Iranian nuclear issue. The rift between the parties is clearer than ever: Iran hold us up to his right on peaceful nuclear development while United States is determined to see Iranian nuclear program dismantled. Under this conditions is not difficult to predict the failure of the talks. United States have already drafted a resolution, clearly laying out the path for military action against Teheran. Last year Russia and China with Brazil and Turkey intercession, succeeded to amend the draft, excluding the key phrase of -by every dint necessary. This year Russia will not oppose this green light for military action , while China stance is yet unclear. The battle around this new United Nations resolution will be undoubtedly the main diplomatic event of 2011.
Russia: fight for power.
In Russia the power struggle between the make shift President, Dimitry Medvedev and his benefactor, omnipotent prime-minister Vladimir Putin, is taking epic and opera type proportions. Until now the battle between President and Prime Minister was held on the streets of Moscow ,where Kremlin backed supporters tacking to the streets against the Prime Minister administration. This battle in the street was won by Medvedev, that obtain on grounds of police brutality against manifestant`s, the removal of Putin rock-stone allied, Yuri Rajkov, mayor of Moscow. With the battle for Moscow won, Medvedev started two more fronts: a public offensive against the corruption and inefficiency of Putin government and on the world stage a battle for a new Russia image. Inflaming the rage of Putin, Dimitry Medvedev launches his new vision on Lisbon Treaty backstage. A Russia led by Medvedev ,without the omnipresent Putin , will support US efforts in controlling Iran and China , will assure a steady supply of raw materials to US and Europe economy and will request only a regional influence. Medvedev went as far as asserting that Russia relations with Georgia could be massively improved. As naturally US and Europe force pledge support for the democratic vision of President Medvedev in contrast with authoritarian past of Russia, a diplomatic phrase describing Vladimir Putin policies. Vladimir Putin opera style response: in Sankt Petersburg a giant show on Christmas with him as a super star, congratulated as the greatest man that ever lived by Alain Delon, Sharon Stone, Kurt Russell and Gerard Depardieu. The star of the show-Putin even made a public performance and sings on the piano. 40 millions Russian have watch the show live on television. Score 1-1 for Putin. The battle for Russia will be another interesting event of 2011.
Israel: a new aggression?
For Tel Aviv 2011 is starting under negative auspices: a frozen relation with White House after the illegal settlements build on Palestinian soil continued controversy and Barrack Obama support for an independent Palestinian state. The Israel international isolation after Mavi Marmara attack in international waters and Turkeys movement to isolate the hebrew state and illegal Gaza blockade made even European Union to start swaying away from Israel position. After all this failures Benyamin Netanyahu extreme right government has only one solution to galvanize public opinion on his side: a new conflict either by unleashing a new attack on Gaza or on Lebanon. In 2010 Israel violated daily Lebanon air space, sponsored spy infiltration rings in the Cedar country and created a strong pressure to further weaken the country. But anew attack on Lebanon risk to alienate even further the western supporters of Israel and the lessons of 2006 defeat of Israeli military at the hands of Hezbollah is not easy forgotten. In Gaza ,also Hamas has survived blockade and daily attack by Israel in 2010 and even grow in popularity and capitalized on the international humanitarian effort for the people of Gaza in 2010. Gaza is a more labile target; with light weaponry could not stand efficiently against Israel war machine. But a small military victory will compensate the political storm that such an attack will unleash? Benyamin Netanyahu seems to think that this wage worth tacking it.
Europe: fight for democratic system.
Europe is having a lot of problems to sort off in 2011. The economic crisis that is engulfing the continent is already described. Another ugly head that is appearing on the continent is sectarian divisions. Nobody forgets the Switzerland vote in banning minarets, the France ban on Muslim scarf, the closing of hundreds of mosques in Europe in the last year and the vicious attack on Tony Blair sister in law that converted to Islam and was nearly to be killed by British extremists. These anti-minority events will repeat and inflammatory statements like Angela Merkel opinion that multiculturalism have failed will support this kind of attacks. Europe is having in this moment more than 40% of population living below poverty line of 500 euro’s per month , increase unemployment’s , social and cultural amenities incapable in supporting European population needs, a medical system in grip and a deficit of democracy. As states are finding difficult to cope with this problems an easy escape is the time old remedy of anti-immigration rhetoric.
After being championship of democracy in the last 50 years, European democratic system is starting to show his wrinkles. Great Britain police resulted to argentine style suppression of mass student demonstration in December 2010 against tuition fees rise. In France against anti-pension reform demonstrators were halted by armed forces and in Germany government resorted to pointing out in a 30`s style the immigration and failed multiculturalism as the culprits behind economy collapsed. The fight for maintaining a viable and democratic system in Europe is a difficult one that 2011 will just be a step.
European Union delegation visit in Turkmenistan .
Between 10 and 15 of December 2010 a European Union delegation from the European Council on International Relations was paying an official visit in the Republic of Turkmenistan at the invitation of Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.
The European Union attended the International Congress marking the 15-th anniversary of proclamation of Turkmenistan neutrality. On this occasion professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations and his delegation where received by Turkmenistan President that emphasized his desire for a closer relationship with European Union . During the talks was re-issued the invitation for Turkmen President to pay an official to European Council on International Relations in 2011. The President of Turkmenistan accepted greatfully the invitation
Also on the side lines of the Conference prof.Dr.Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations has discussions with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey ,Ahmed Davutoglu , Sergei Lebedev , Executive Chairman of Community of Independent States , Elmar Mamedyarov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan , Vladimir Norov , Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan and other personalities from Republic of Moldova , Belarus , OSCE, ECO and CIS etc. On this occasion the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan addressed an official invitation for Professor Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations to carry an official visit in Uzbekistan in 2011.
The European Union delegation was received by Turkmen Parliament Presidency and hold talks at Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Economy of Turkmenistan. The parties had agreed on intensifying the bilateral relation, the political relation being considered as excellent and was emphasized the need to foster economical cooperation dimension on bilateral relations. Also was decided to make efforts in balancing the economical trade deficit between European Union and Turkmenistan by increasing imports of European Unions goods by Turkmenistan. Also the parties had agreed to support the opening of Turkmenistan presentation stores in Paris , Berlin and Bucharest in 2011.
The European Union delegation also visited important cultural and economical institution from Turkmenistan as: Turkmen Academy, Ashgabat University, Archeological excavation site of Nyssa, Carpet National Museum, National Museum of History, and energy sector of Turkmenistan. On this occasion the Turkmen National Television filmed and broadcasted a documentary about the international activity of Professor Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations and the significance of his visit in Turkmenistan.
The visit of European Union delegation in Turkmenistan was a resounding diplomatic success in fostering bilateral relations and in increasing the quality of European Union -Turkmenistan relationship bringing a plus of visibility and prestige to European Union diplomatic activity in Central Asia region.
Foreign dignitaries , academic corp. member , professors warmly greeted professor Anton Caragea , president of European Council on International relations and director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania on the decision of awarding MAN OF THE YEAR title to President of Turkmenistan , H.E Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov . Professor Shirin Akiner from Cambridge University went as far as observing that MAN OF THE YEAR award has become this year more influential and less controversial than the Nobel Prize congratulating Romania for this decision.
Professor Shirin Akiner congratules prof.dr.Anton Caragea and Ambassador Shohrat Jumayev of Turkmenistan to Romania for MAN OF THE YEAR AWARD
OSCE Secretary General Marc Perrin de Brichambaut,
Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), had arrived in Ashgabat to attend the OSCE Secretary General Marc Perrin de Brichambaut. The head of the authoritative international organisations congratulated the Turkmen leader on receiving the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence on the 15th anniversary of neutrality and the great success of the international forum dedicated to the national holiday.
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey Ahmet Davutoglu, had arrived in Ashgabat to participate in the celebration of the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan. Minister Ahmet Davutoglu congratulated the Turkmen leader on receiving the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence and the great success of the international forum dedicated to the national holiday. In this regard, the distinguished guest said that Turkey was proud to be one of the first states in 1995 to support the adoption of the United Nations Resolution on the Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan, the constructive foreign policy strategy of which due to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov’s prudence stood today as a critical factor for peace and stability in the region.
Chairman of the CIS Executive Committee
Chairman of the Executive Committee, Executive Secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States Sergei Lebedev, had arrived in Ashgabat to attend the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress and the celebrations in honour of the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Expressing gratitude for the heartfelt welcome extended in the Turkmen land, the guest congratulated the President on receiving the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence and emphasized that he was glad to visit again Turkmenistan, which due to the Turkmen leader’s innovative, prudent policy had gained the reputation of being a dynamically developing country with the great future in the world arena. Another evidence for this was the high-level forum organized in Ashgabat, which had provided an open platform for an exchange of views on new approaches and forms of interstate cooperation, including issues of stability and security in Central Asia and all over the world.
ECO Secretary General
Mohammad Yahya Maroofi, Secretary General of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), who had arrived in Ashgabat to attend the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Expressing gratitude for the opportunity of a personal meeting, the distinguished guest heartily congratulated the leader of the Turkmen state and the Turkmen people the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan. Mr Mohammed Yahya Maroufi emphasized that Turkmenistan’s open door policy and the Turkmen leader’s constructive initiatives on wide international cooperation had earned Turkmenistan the high international prestige. Another evidence for that was the presence of Professor Anton Caragea awarding the title of honour of “the Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and the presence of the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania, said the ECO Secretary General.
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Vladimir Norov,
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan, had arrived in the Turkmen capital to participate in the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on receiving the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” awarded by the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Dr. Anton Caragea presence at the meeting noting that this award vividly testified to worldwide recognition of the outstanding achievements of the Turkmen leader, the author of the foreign policy neutral Turkmenistan and the strategy for fundamental progressive reforms, which had won the country had the high international prestige by the community.
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Republic ,
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Elmar Mamedyarov, who had arrived in Ashgabat to participate in the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress. The meeting took place in the Ruhiyet Palace, which had become the venue for the conference. The Azerbaijani Foreign Minister congratulated the Turkmen leader on receiving the prestigious title of “The Man of the Year” , of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence. He said that Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania, one of the major research centres in Europe.
UAE Minister of Culture, Youth and Community Development Abdul Rahman Mohammed Al Owais,
Minister of Culture, Youth and Community Development of the United Arab Emirates, who arrived in Ashgabat to attend the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress, in his residence at the Oguzkent Hotel. Emphasizing that the United Arab Emirates took great interest in large-scale progressive reforms launched in Turkmenistan on the initiative of the national leader and were sincerely proud in the achievements gained by Turkmen brothers, the guest congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on receiving the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” by the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and on the presence of professor Anton Caragea on the event .
Shanghai Cooperation Organization Secretary General ,
Muratbek Imanaliev, Secretary General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), who had arrived in Ashgabat to participate in the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress and the celebrations to mark the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Greeting the leader of the Turkmen state, the distinguished guest congratulated Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on the organisation of the high-level international forum in Ashgabat dedicated to the landmark date in the history of independent Turkmenistan as well as awarding the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” to the Turkmen leader. The SCO Secretary-General noted that by pursuing the active, consistent peacekeeping policy, Turkmenistan demonstrated a responsible approach to international cooperation as illustrated by the Turkmen leader’s statement at the conference opening ceremony.
Organization of Islamic Conference
Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu at the Ruhiyet Palace, where the ceremony of opening the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress had taken place. The head of the largest international organisation congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on the success of the statement at the International Conference, the high level of which was another bright evidence for the growing prestige and role of Turkmenistan in the world arena and the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan celebrated widely in the country. taking an opportunity, Mr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu congratulated the leader of the Turkmen state on receiving the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” warded by the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and emphasized that this event was a sign of wide recognition of an invaluable contribution made by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to strengthening peace, security and sustainable development.
PRESIDENT GURBANGULY BERDIMUHAMEDOV OF TURKMENISTAN ACLAIMED BY ROMANIAN ACADEMICS
In the last period of time European Union and Turkmenistan relations had known a steady and continuous improvement in economy, cultural and political levels. In the frontline of these warming relations are the European academic elites interested in promoting European Union-Turkmenistan partnership based on common shared values as democracy and free market economy that Turkmenistan and European Union are constructing together.
Now Romania and Turkmenistan are building in the framework of European Union –Turkmenistan friendship. On the occasion of opening the first diplomatic mission of Turkmenistan to Romania ,His Excellency Ambassador Shohrat Jumayev ,held an explanatory meeting with a delegation of Romanian Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation in order to present to Romanian academics and cultural and diplomatically elite the radical changes that took place in the last years in Turkmenistan and his country role in the Central Asia politics and the importance of Turkmenistan for a good Asia-Europe connection and for the important energy projects in the region. In his expose Ambassador Shohrat Jumayev has presented the most important achievements and accomplishments of Turkmenistan.
In the dialogue with Professor Anton Caragea have being analyzed important successes such as:
– Constructing a sustainable economic growth in Turkmenistan , a rapid economic development and the construction of a solid free market economy based in the same time on the correct income distribution and with a highly development of social protection sectors.
– The continuous development of social base of Turkmen people by investing in health and education sectors , investment and support that is responding to the most sacred and untouchable human rights such as the right to health ,education and productive life.
– The continuous development and protection of cultural and historical patrimony of Turkmen people, the transformation of Ashgabat in the pivotal connection center between Europe and Asia and in a light-house of development for the entire region.
– Continuously supporting peace and security on world stage and in the Central Asia region by important and internationally resounding actions such as transforming Turkmenistan in a neutral state and obtaining international recognition of this statue and hosting in Ashgabat the United Nation Center for preventive diplomacy in Central Asia. The last being an important initiative not only for the region but also for the world keeping in mind the strategic importance of Turkmenistan . During his speech Professor Anton Caragea has underlined that all this numerous achievements could not being possible without the democratic framework of the country and the steadfast commitment to democracy and rule of law of President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. The achievements of Turkmenistan are widely known and respected in Romania and the support that Turkmenistan President is offering for the development of Romania-Turkmenistan ties is extremely important and is appreciated by Romanian academics, politician, diplomats and cultural personalities alike. Turkmenistan is a model to be followed by not only the states of the region but also future economic and social development of Romania will be greatly improved by coping Turkmenistan model of social and economic system .The public presentation of Turkmenistan had enjoyed a wide public interest in all the board leadership of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation but also to other guest invited at the event. Also it was decided that such meetings will be held in the future and also the discussion reach a variety of common interest topics for the further development of Romania- Turkmenistan bilateral ties.