Category Archives: Kazahstan

H.E. AMBASSADOR BATRASHEV DAULET PRESENT`S HIS VISION ON ASSEMBLY OF PEOPLE OF KAZAKHSTAN

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H.E. AMBASSADOR BATRASHEV DAULET PRESENT`S HIS VISION ON ASSEMBLY OF PEOPLE OF KAZAKHSTAN

2015 was declared by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev as THE YEAR OF THE ASSEMBLY OF PEOPLE OF KAZAKHSTAN marking the 20 years history of this prestigious institution.

 

Today after 20 years of activity, the ASSEMBLY OF PEOPLE’S OF KAZAKHSTAN had become a model for all the states of the world, a model of resolving minority’s problems and democratic people’s involvement.

 

 

A special conference was held in honor of ASSEMBLY OF PEOPLE OF KAZAKHSTAN by the Romanian parliament and has attracted representatives from 23 countries. We address  all our gratitude for their attendence that was  a sign of respect towards the institution of Parliament, a perfect  way to show commitment to Romanian foreign policy and a diplomatic way to present appreciation to Kazakhstan delegation.

Kazakhstan Ambassador Daulet Batrashev

 

H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador Batrashev Daulet has presented a concluding speech at this important event and the full text of the speech can be found here:

It is my greatest pleasure to express my appreciation for the wonderful event hosted today in the honor of the Kazakhstan delegation by the Romanian parliament.

 

It is a rare honor and privilege that a parliamentary delegation it is received so warmly and has an opportunity to meet all the leaders of the structures of parliament: from European Committee to Energy and transport to UNESCO Committee to Romanians Abroad and International Relations all the committees of the Parliament had presented today their views on an unique and prized institution of the Kazakh State: PEOPLES ASSEMBLY OF KAZAKHSTAN.

I am sure that the reasons for such a high level meeting and conference are deeply rooted in the friendship that is bounding together Romania and Kazakhstan and in the desire of the Romanian political, cultural and academic elite to meet our honored guests from Kazakhstan Parliament.

I am also extremely proud that all the voices expressed here recognized the huge strides and progresses of my country in the field of building a democratic system, in creating an inclusive society and in fostering dialogue and peaceful mechanisms in resolving, the vote of confidence of our Romanian friends express in this international conference in Kazakhstan future development and progress is commendable and is inspiring us in forging new bridges of cooperation`s and understanding amongst our nations.

I wish also to express my sincere appreciation for the presence here of representatives of the Romanian Government and specially of the representatives of the diplomatic corps accredited to Romania who express by this their solidarity with Kazakhstan of today.

My appreciation goes also for the energetic team of Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for their exertions in promoting our bilateral relation.

2015 it is an important year for our country, a year when we are celebrating 550 years of long, glorious and outstanding history of Kazakh state, we celebrate 20 years of activity of PEOPLES ASSEMBLY OF KAZAKHSTAN, a felicitous moment that we are celebrating today and we will have another democratic exercise this year with new presidential elections.

It is a year when Kazakhstan will not only celebrate a rich history but will also have a chance to write another democratic page and I am pleased to note that Kazakhstan can count amongst his closest allies and friends in the world Romania.

Is for me as Kazakhstan Ambassador to Romania a motive of satisfaction and pride and is giving me a sense of fulfilled duty.

I thank you all for this!

The video of Kazakhstan Ambassador can be watched here:

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NURLY ZHOL-MESSAGE OF PRESIDENT NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV PRESENTED TO ROMANIAN PARLIAMENT

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In order to underline the strength of the strategic and friendship bond that is uniting Romania and Kazakhstan, in agreement with the leadership of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation, it was decided that on 6 December 2014 in a special session , senator Ionel Agrigoroaei to present to Romanian Parliament the message presented by H.E. President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan, on the occasion of launching a new economic policy for his nation under the name of Nurly Zhol ( Bright Path).

Senator Agrigoroaei la sedinta Parlamentului

Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei is presenting to Romania`s Parliament the message of Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev. 

 

Senator Ionel Agrigoroaei was selected to read out the message to the parliament as it was the uncontested leader of efficiency in parliamentary activity in the last two years and was recognized as a leader of parliamentary diplomacy.

We must underline that is for the first time in Romanian history when the message of an international leader is read out for the benefit of the Romanian Parliament. This is an outspoken proof of the importance of the strategic relation that is uniting our country and Kazakhstan but also a clear demonstration of the admiration nurtured by the Romanian political elite for the impressive personality of the Kazakh leader, creator of modern day Kazakhstan-H.E. Nursultan Nazarbayev.

 We are presenting you the full message of H.E. Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev as it was read out in the session of Romanian Parliament.

 

Kazakhstan President

            The Address of His Excellency President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan

                 Astana, November 11, 2014     

            Nurly Zhol – The Path to the Future

 

The world is facing new challenges and threats today. The world economy has still not recovered from consequences of the global financial and economic crisis. The recovery continues at a very slow and uncertain pace, and some countries remain in decline. The geopolitical crisis and the sanctions policy of the leading powers create an additional obstacle for the recovery of the world economy.

From my experience, I feel that the years to come will become the time of global trials. The entire architecture of the world will be changing. Not all countries will be able to get through these complications in a decent manner. Only strong states, with their people united, will manage to do that. Kazakhstan, as a part of the world economy and a country located very close to the epicentre of geopolitical tensions, is experiencing negative pressure from all these challenges. We see the results: prices in global markets are dropping, and general economic growth is slowing down.

 

As is known, the forecasts of the development of the global economy for 2014 and the next two years were revised downward by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. That means we need to revise our own plans, and make adjustments for the coming period. There is no time for hesitation. The measures I will talk about today will be implemented from January 1, 2015. We must promptly take all the possible measures to prevent negative trends.

Today the Government is already working quickly at my order. We have revised the parameters of the republic’s budget for 2015. And this is right, as the drop in prices of our export raw materials has led to the reduction of the flow of money to our income. At the same time, the Government have a tough yet specific task: it must fulfil all social liabilities in full.

In a crisis, as we’re seeing the world over, economic policies must be re-evaluated. The sectors that need support are those which create the highest multiplier effect on economic growth and employment. We have already had such an experience. Suffice it to recall our successful anti-crisis measures in 2007-2009. As you see, life makes adjustments to the best laid plans. And we should add new content to the platform of our party based on today’s reality.

On my orders, the Government has completed the development of a new large-scale development programme. Today, as we respond to the challenges we face, I proclaim Kazakhstan’s New Economic Policy “Nyrly Zhol” (The Bright Road). This is what I devote my state-of-the-nation address for 2015. The policy will have a counter-cyclical character and will be aimed at continuing structural reforms in our economy. What does this mean?

Over the years, when the situation in external markets was favourable, and the price of oil and our export products were at sufficiently high level, we diverted revenues from those exports to the National Fund. One of the main tasks of the National Fund is to increase resistance of our economy to external shocks, including when prices of natural resources drop.

We were putting income from extraction and sales of raw materials into this Fund during all these years. We used 10 billion US dollars out of the National Fund to fight the crisis of 2007-2009. As for the rest of the money, we have not spent it. We saved and multiplied it. Now we are in the period when we must use these reserves. They will help overcome uneasy times and stimulate the growth of our economy. These resources are not intended for short-term measures. We will spend them on the transformation of our economy, namely – the development of transport, energy, industrial and social infrastructure, and small and medium businesses.

In February, a decision was made to allocate one trillion tenge from the National Fund to support economic growth and employment in 2014-2015 in two tranches of 500 billion tenge. To finalise the initiated projects and resolve pressing issues, I have instructed the Government to divert the second tranche of 500 billion tenge from the National Fund to the following goals:

First, 100 billion tenge should be additionally allocated to issue easy-term loans to small and medium businesses, as well as large enterprises. This will secure the implementation of projects in the food and chemical industries, engineering, as well as the service sector.

Second, to revive the banking sector and buy out “bad” loans, I have ordered additional capitalisation of the Fund of Problem Loans in the amount of 250 billion tenge in 2015.

Third, to raise new investments, we need to improve respective conditions. For these purposes, I have ordered the government to allocate 81 billion tenge in 2015 to complete the construction of the “dry port” complex, the infrastructure of the special economic zones at Khorgos – East Gate and the National Industrial Petrochemical Technological Park in Atyrau and Taraz.

Fourth, to continue the construction of the EXPO-2017, I have ordered the allocation of 40 billion tenge in 2015 adding to the already allocated 25 billion tenge.

Fifth, on the eve of EXPO-2017, we need to take care of the development of Astana’s transport infrastructure. This year the capital airport will reach its maximum capacity – 3.5 million people. Therefore, to increase its potential, I have ordered the allocation in 2015 of 29 billion tenge on the construction of a new terminal and a reconstruction of the landing strip. This will allow us to increase airport capacity to 7.1 million of passengers per year by 2017.

 

Dear people of Kazakhstan,

In view of new external risks for the development of our economy, we need new initiatives to stimulate business activity and employment. The Infrastructure Development Plan, which I want to make public today, will become the core of the New Economic Policy. It is intended to last for five years and is to run in parallel with the Second Five Year term of the Programme of Accelerated Industrial and Innovative Development. More than 100 foreign companies intend to participate in its implementation. The total investment portfolio will make 6 trillion tenge, with the state contributing 15 per cent of the total.

Kazakhstan owns a territory so vast it would tire the wings of a bird to fly over it. Thus, this plan requires huge funds and hard work. There is a saying: “If you want to know a nation’s prosperity look at its paths.” Road connections are of high importance, not only for travel, but also for the transportation of goods. In ancient times our big cities were located along the Great Silk Road.

Nowadays, all essential life depends on access to the main highways. Roads are the essence of life, the source of a modern existence. All the regions of Kazakhstan need to be closely connected by railroads, highways, and air services. The nine roads, connecting with each other in Astana are like the roots of life, spread our capital’s creative spirit. Improving interconnectivity between the regions will eventually lead to a greater domestic well-being. It will strengthen trade and economic ties between the regions. There will be new markets emerging from inside the country. Therefore bringing together distant parts is the main focus of today’s address.

First, the development of transport and logistics infrastructure will be formed around regional hubs, connected through Astana as the central hub and backbone by highways, railways and airlines. But first, we need to implement the main road projects. They are Western China to Western Europe; Astana to Almaty; Astana to Ust-Kamenogorsk; Astana to Aktobe to Atyrau; Almay to Ust-Kamenogorsk; Karaganda to Zhezkazgan to Kyzylorda; Atyrau to Astrakhan.

It is also necessary to continue the creation of a logistical hub in the east and marine infrastructure in the west of the country. The large-scale ferry site from Kuryk and the railway line from Borzhakty to Yersai will contribute to the growth of exports to the west through ports in the Caspian Sea. I have ordered the Government to work on the construction or rental of terminals at dry and sea ports in China, Iran, Russia and the EU.

Second, development of industrial infrastructure. The implementation of infrastructure projects will produce big demand for construction materials, products and services for transport, communication, energy, housing and utility areas.

So, firstly, we need to complete our work on the formation of infrastructure in existing special economic zones. The Government and the akims (governors) need to work in a timely manner to fill those zones with concrete projects. Secondly, they need to explore the possibility of constructing new industrial zones in regions aimed at the development of production facilities of SMEs and raising extra investments. Tourism infrastructure is a separate line. Its main advantage is the opportunity to create jobs. The creation of one job here costs 10 times less than in industry.

Third, the development of energy infrastructure. Extensive work has been carried out within the framework of the industrialisation programme in energy in the past five years. Nevertheless, limited transmission systems create a deficit of electric energy in the southern regions of the country and of natural gas in central and eastern regions. We need to focus on two projects. To construct high voltage lines Ekibastuz – Semey – Ust-Kamenogorsk and Semey – Aktogai – Taldykorgan – Almaty. This will create a balanced energy supply from Kazakh power plants to all regions of the country.

Fourth, the modernisation of housing and utilities infrastructure and water and heat supply networks. The total demand for investments makes no less than 2 trillion tenge with annual allocation till 2020 from all sources of founding of no less than 200 billion tenge.

Today we see significant interest in investing in the modernisation of housing and utilities from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Asian Development Bank, the Islamic Development Bank and private investors. We need to ensure their maximum involvement through the provision of long-term investment rates. Such projects should be co-funded by the state to prevent significant increases in rates. We should allocate up to 100 billion tenge each year to accelerate the level of modernisation in our heat and water supply systems, in addition to the funds already envisaged in the budget.

Fifth, the strengthening of housing infrastructure. The formation of urban centres is accompanied by a significant cross-flow of the population. This creates pressure on the labour market and city infrastructure, including on the housing fund. Therefore, our approach to construction of rental housing should be revised. The state will construct social housing to rent out and provide to the population for long term rent with the right to buy it. The provision of housing directly, without mediators, with low-interest loans will allow us to reduce the cost of acquisition. No first instalment and low mortgage interest will make housing more affordable for various strata of the people of Kazakhstan. Therefore, we will additionally increase funding of construction of rental housing for the amount of 180 billion tenge during 2015-2016.

Sixth, development of social infrastructure. We must resolve the issues of unfit schools and three-shift education, as we set out in our election platform. The funds envisaged in the 3 year budget do not let us to resolve this problem by 2017. Therefore, I have ordered the Government to allocate another 70 billion tenge. Another matter is the lack of kindergartens. I instruct to allocate an additional 20 billion tenge to reduce the deficit of places in preschools within 3 years. Akims must deal will this as much as possible and attract the private sector.

Ten higher education institutions were defined within the framework of the industrialisation programme based on which the link between science, economic sectors and personnel training will be ensured. I have ordered the Government to create the material and technical framework of these education institutions, allocating up to 10 billion tenge by 2017.

Seventh, we need to continue the work to support small and medium businesses and business activities. As of today, the 100 billion tenge from the National Fund aimed at supporting and crediting small and medium enterprises has been fully used. This allowed us to create more than 4,500 jobs. The demand for these funds exceeded the supply by 23 billion tenge. The unprecedented conditions providing credit for businesses at 6 per cent for 10 years were created. There were no such conditions in our country before. We should continue our work to develop small and medium businesses as a driver of economic growth and increase their share to 50 per cent of GDP by 2050. Therefore, we need to use credit facilities for small and medium businesses more effectively at the account of the ADB, EBRD, and the World Bank for the total amount of 155 billion tenge in 2015-2017.

 

Dear people of Kazakhstan,

The situation in the world economy makes it sufficiently hard to achieve our goals without extra financial resources.

There was a reason why we established the National Fund. It was mainly aimed at providing stable social and economic development, and protecting our country’s economy from unpredictable circumstances. Right now, it is high time to use this fund for our needs. Kazakhstan should avoid repeating the mistakes of other countries. We have to use our internal resources for economic growth efficiently.

I have made the decision regarding additional allocation of 3 billion US dollars from the National Fund for the period from 2015 to 2017. I have ordered the Government to prepare respective decisions for the allocation of funds from the National Fund and to take into account the required funds in the draft national budget for 2015 within a week. The Government should also undertake measures and ensure effective and rational use of these funds.

The commission created by me will strictly monitor the effective use of the funds and report to me personally. I will request a report about every tenge spent. Special responsibility is imposed on all the akims. Nur Otan must actively get involved into this work and to establish strict party control at all levels.

I am entrusting the Government with ensuring that National Fund resources are allocated efficiently and appropriately to the relevant areas. Every tenge will be under strict control. Nur Otan should take an active part in it, and monitor it closely for the party.

The investments from the National Fund must be accompanied by structural reforms in the economic sectors. We need to ensure joint implementation of projects with international financial organisations. For instance, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the EBRD and the IDB are ready to allocate about 9 billion dollars for 90 priority projects. The allocated funds should support investment activities, prevent a drop in population’s income and stimulate the creation of new jobs. This will result in sustainable economic growth in the short and medium term.

Our education, health care and agriculture development programmes will continue. We will have a substantial discussion about this at the first extended meeting of the Government next year. The New Economic Policy “Nurly Zhol” is our global step on the path to become one of 30 most developed countries of the world.

All the necessary conditions for successful work have been created. Administrative reforms were carried out, and the new structure of the Government and executive power is working. Every minister knows what to do. We removed redundancy and unnecessary links in management. Akims have the necessary scope of authority. The regions have everything – programmes, resources, finances. Everybody is responsible for their area of work. They now need to knuckle down and set to work.

The New Economic Policy “Nurly Zhol” will become a driver of the growth in our economy during the coming years. 200,000 new jobs will be created by the construction of roads alone. And this means greater employment and growth of income for the population. “Nurly Zhol” will create a multiplier effect in other economic sectors:  production of cement, metal, machinery, bitumen, equipment and related services. Roads are lifelines for Kazakhstan. Life has always emerged and developed in our vast expanses around roads. We must create such a transport network that car, railway and air lines stretch to all directions from Astana. Like arteries from the heart. Like rays from the sun.

The new lines built by the people of Kazakhstan will renew our economy and community. They will firmly link all the corners of our country with its centre. Cargo traffic will accelerate and increase. The volume of transit through the country will grow. Our citizens will drive on modern and quality highways, and will be able to get to any region quickly and safely. Social infrastructure will improve, new and modern schools and hospitals will provide high-quality services. Finally, this will affect the welfare and the quality of life of each citizen of Kazakhstan. And the main thing is all of this will remain in our land as wealth of our future generations.

Dear people of Kazakhstan,

There is large and important work in front of us. We must be united to pass this global exam. We must strengthen trust among all the people of Kazakhstan! Be tolerant to each other! These are keys to Kazakhstan’s future. Interethnic harmony is oxygen. We never notice it, when we breathe, we do it automatically – we just live. We must safeguard our unity and our interethnic harmony. No outsider can come and do this for us. Our young grow in a new and independent country. The younger generation did not witness interethnic war or conflict, the devastation of 1990’s. Many people perceive stability and comfortable life in Kazakhstan as something given since their birth.

For what are stability and harmony? It is family welfare, safety, a roof over our head. Peace is the joy of paternity and maternity, health of parents and happiness of our children. Peace is stable work, wages and feeling confident about the future. Peace and stability are the achievement of our entire population, which must be protected and reinforced by everyday hard work. I always say: the young are the foundation of our future. The state has opened up all the doors and all the paths to the new generation! Nurly Zhol is where our creative and dynamic young can invest their efforts and develop!

Next year we will solemnly celebrate 20 years since the adoption of the Constitution and the creation of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan. When we celebrate these dates, we should make the people of Kazakhstan spiritually stronger, united, and even more tolerant. I am convinced that our core principle – Kazakhstan, Only Ahead! – will sound in a new way and will acquire a deeper meaning at this new important turn of our history! I wish success and reaching new heights to all of you, because they will raise our Homeland even higher!

Dear fellow citizens,

We are united by our national idea – Mangilik El (Eternal Nation), making its way to the independent development of “Nurly Zhol”. To follow this path we need to work hard, and to unite our efforts on the way to a brighter future. The Eternal Nation is a unifying force and an inexhaustible source of energy. It is the basis for not only the “Kazakhstan 2050” Strategy, but also the strong ideological foundation of Kazakhstan’s Statehood in the 21st century! The Eternal Nation is itself the source of a new Kazakhstan Patriotism. It is a great principle for the entire society of Kazakhstan.

Adoration for our historical past, pride for today’s fortunes, and faith in our blossoming future – are all covered by the powerful concept of “Mangilik El” (The Eternal Nation). Love for the fatherland is respect for the great legacy of our ancestors, keeping it as safe as the apple of your eye, making a contribution to its development, and passing it on to future generations. This is the ultimate goal of all Kazakhstan.

The foundation of the idea of the Eternal Nation runs very deep. Thirteen centuries ago, the sage Tonykok stated the “Eternal Nation is the goal of all Turkic people.” This means that our national idea, just as the roots of our nationhood, originates from our ancient history. The unity of the people, that’s what makes a viable national idea. Where there is no unity, and discord flourishes, no national ideas can ever come to life. Unity and prosperity are the main reasons for of the great success achieved by Kazakhstan.

Today, thanks to our respect for stability, we have managed great strides forward. Humiliating nobody, denying nobody’s language or cultural heritage, while giving all citizens equal opportunities, helps us strengthen the stability of our country. National unity must be our main treasure to pass on to future generations. We must nurture the concept of national values in the mind of every young person.

MESAJUL PREŞEDINTELUI KAZAHSTANULUI-NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV ESTE PREZENTAT PARLAMENTUL ROMÂNIEI

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MESAJUL PREŞEDINTELUI KAZAHSTANULUI-NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV  ESTE PREZENTAT PARLAMENTUL ROMÂNIEI

Pentru a sublinia puterea legăturii strategice şi de destin ce uneşte România şi Kazahstanul, în acord cu conducerea  Institutului de Relaţii Internaţionale şi Cooperare Economică, s-a decis ca în data de 6 decembrie 2014, Senatorul Ionel Agrigoroaei să prezinte în faţa Parlamentului României, Mesajul adresat de Preşedintele Kazahstanului-Nursultan Nazarbayev cu ocazia lansării unei noi politici economice pentru ţara sa-Nurly Zhol (Calea Luminoasa).

 

Senator Agrigoroaei la sedinta Parlamentului

Senatorul Ionel Agrigoroaei prezinta parlamentarilor mesajul Nurly Zhol al Presedintelui Republicii Kazahstan-Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Senatorul Ionel Agrigoroaei a fost ales să dea citire acestui mesaj datorită faptului că este liderul de eficienţa al Parlamentului României, ales drept cel mai bun parlamentar pentru doi ani consecutiv pentru activitatea sa în sfera diplomaţiei parlamentare.

Trebuie să menţionăm că este pentru prima dată în istoria  României când mesajul unui lider internaţional este prezentat în faţa Parlamentului, ceea ce reprezintă o dovadă clară a relaţiei strategice ce uneşte ţara noastră de Kazahstan şi  dar şi a admiraţiei nutrite de elita politică a României pentru personalitatea liderului kazah, creatorul Kazahstanului modern-Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Va prezentăm selecţiuni din mesajul Preşedintelui Republicii Kazahstan- Nursultan Nazarbayev prezentat de senatorul Ionel Agrigoroaei în faţa Parlamentului României

  

 Kazakhstan President

NURLY ZHOL – DRUMUL SPRE VIITOR

La ora actuală lumea se confruntă cu noi riscuri și provocări.  Economia mondială nu și-a revenit, încă suportă consecințele crizei financiare și economice globale.  Redresarea se produce într-un ritm foarte lent și lipsit de siguranță, iar pe alocuri declinul continuă și astăzi.  Criza geopolitică și politica statelor dezvoltate în ceea ce privește aplicarea de sancțiuni creează impedimente suplimentare pentru redresarea economiei mondiale.

Bazându-mă pe propria experiență, presimt că în următorii ani ne vom confrunta cu o serie de încercări pe plan global.  Se va modifica întreaga arhitectură a lumii.  Nu toate țările vor putea depăși cu demnitate această etapă complicată.  Acest hotar îl vor traversa doar statele puternice și popoarele unite.  Kazahstanul, ca parte integrantă a economiei mondiale și ca stat aflat în imediata vecinătate a epicentrului tensiunilor geopolitice resimte impactul negativ al tuturor acestor procese.  În consecință, observăm ce se întâmplă:  scad prețurile pe piețele mondiale, iar creșterea economică la nivel global este lentă. (..)

În urma dispozițiilor mele, Guvernul a finalizat elaborarea unui nou program amplu de dezvoltare.  La ora actuală, ca răspuns la provocările cu care ne confruntăm, declar lansarea unei Noi Politici Economice a Kazahstanului: Nurly Zhol. Acesteia îi dedic noul meu Mesaj către popor pentru anul 2015.  Ea va avea un caracter contracriza și se va concentra pe continuarea reformelor structurale din economia țării noastre.

Având în vedere noile riscuri externe cu care se confruntă dezvoltarea economică, avem nevoie de inițiative noi în vederea stimulării activității de business și ocupării forței de muncă.  Coloana vertebrală a Noii Politici Economice va deveni Planul de Dezvoltare a Infrastructurii, pe care astăzi doresc să îl fac public.  Este un plan pe 5 ani și coincide cu cel de-al Doilea cincinal de implementare a Programului de Dezvoltare Industrial-Inovațională Forțată, la care intenționează să participe peste 100 de companii străine.  Portofoliul total al investițiilor constituie 6 trilioane de tenge, în cadrul acestuia cota statului reprezentând 15%.

Kazahstanul deține un teritoriu de necuprins: pentru survolarea acestuia, unei păsări îi amorțesc aripile.  De aceea implementarea planului menționat necesită resurse și eforturi uriașe, precum și o activitate ce presupune concentrarea forțelor pe toate direcțiile.  S-a împământenit regula că «Dacă vrei să afli viitorul țării, uită-te la drumurile acesteia».  Comunicațiile rutiere au o deosebită semnificație pentru realizarea legăturilor și schimburilor.  În timpurile străvechi majoritatea orașelor noastre mari erau situate de-a lungul Marelui Drum al Mătăsii.

Orientându-ne către ideea noastră generală pe plan național de «Mangilik El» am transformat calea dezvoltării independenței noastre în «Nurly Zhol».  Trebuie să ne consolidăm unitatea și să lucrăm în permanență în scopul asigurării unui viitor prosper.  «Mangilik El» reprezintă forța unificatoare a națiunii, un izvor nesecat de energie.  Este un piedestal neclintit de idei nu numai pentru strategia «Kazahstan 2050», ci și pentru statul Kazahstan din secolul XXI.  Noul Patriotism Kazahstanez – acesta este «Mangilik El»!  Este o valoare măreață a întregii societăți kazahstaneze.

Noțiunea puternică de «Mangilik El» include și tributul respectului pentru istoria noastră, și mândria pentru fericirea noastră din prezent, și încrederea într-un viitor prosper.  Dragostea de țară reprezintă respectul unei moșteniri mărețe primite de la strămoși, păstrarea acesteia ca pe lumina ochilor, aducerea propriei contribuții, dezvoltarea acesteia și transmiterea către generațiile ce vor urma.  Acesta este adevăratul sens al eforturilor tuturor kazahstanezilor!

Atât ideea noastră națională, cât și rădăcinile statului nostru arată că toate aceste lucruri provin din istoria străveche.  Unitatea poporului conferă ideii naționale viabilitate și durabilitate.  Acolo unde nu există unitate, în schimb există dușmănie, niciodată nu a fost dusă la îndeplinire ideea națională.  Unitatea și belșugul reprezintă principala bază a ascensiunii Kazahstanului către vârf și a cuceririi de noi înălțimi.

Am atins performanțele actuale datorită înțelegerii noastre conștientizate a ideii de stabilitate.  Fără a aduce vreun prejudiciu celorlalți, ci prin respect față de alte limbi și religii, prin acordarea de condiții egale pentru toți cetățenii ne dezvoltăm stabilitatea.  Moștenirea și învățătura pe care dorim să o transmitem generațiilor viitoare trebuie să devină principala noastră bogăție: Unitatea poporului.  Trebuie să le insuflăm tuturor aceste valori la nivel național.

Anul 2015 este un an aniversar pentru înălțarea istoriei noastre naționale și pentru evaluarea actualelor înălțimi atinse.  Vom sărbători 550 de ani de la înființarea Hanatului Kazah, 20 de ani de la crearea Adunării Poporului din Kazahstan și adoptarea Constituției noastre și 70 de ani de la Marea Victorie.  Aceste etape istorice au o semnificație deosebită în educarea generației în spiritul noului Patriotism Kazahstanez.  Am declarat anul 2015 ca an al Adunării Poporului din Kazahstan.

Integritatea și unitatea, pacea și înțelegerea poporului – acestea sunt obiectivele principale.

Unitatea poporului reprezintă cheia succeselor noastre comune.

Modelul kazahstanez de dezvoltare stabilă reprezintă la ora actuală un model pentru întreaga lume.  Prin sărbătorirea a 25 de ani de independență a Kazahstanului și prin asigurarea succesului expoziției internaționale EXPO-2017 vom dovedi întregii lumi care este potențialul țării noastre.  Fie ca drumul nostru măreț să fie încununat de succes, iar viitorul să fie luminos.

Vă doresc tuturor succes în îndeplinirea dezideratului conținut în mesajul «Nurly Zhol»!

EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS CELEBRATES 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE OF KAZAKHSTAN

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KAZAKHSTAN: 20 YEARS OF FULFILLED PROMISES say`s Professor Anton Caragea – European Council on International Relations President

The Presidium of International Academic Conference on Kazakhstan : Presidents of Romania : Emil Constantinescu and Ion Iliescu , H.E. Kairat Aman -Kazakhstan Charge d`affairs , prof.Dr. Anton Caragea-President of European Council on International Relations , prof.dr. Viorel Lefter, prof.dr. Mircea Constantinescu , Deputy Catalin Nechifor

On 15 November 2011 Bucharest, capital of Romania, hosted the International Academic Conference: KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION. The Conference was hosted and organized by the European Council on International Relations and Kazakhstan Diplomatic Mission in Romania and had enjoyed the presence of President of Romania Mr. Ion Iliescu and President of Romania Mr. Emil Constantinescu , representatives of Romanian Parliament, Romanian Government  and European Union academics etc.

Professor dr. Anton Caragea -President of European Council on International Relations.

The conference was opened by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea- President of European Council on International Relations  who presented the speech: KAZAKHSTAN – 20 YEARS OF FULFILLED PROMISES, outlining the transformation of Kazakhstan from an energy dependent country into a world energy supplier, a powerful state, with consolidated democracy, market economy, social development and exporter of stability in Central Asia region.

H.E. Kairat Aman – Charge d`affairs of Kazakhstan speaking at : KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE

The speech of Professor Anton Caragea was fallowed by welcoming remarks of H.E. Kairat Aman , Charge d`Affairs of Kazakhstan Mission, who presented the astonishing accomplishments of Kazakhstan in reaching economic development , social and cultural enlightenment of his population and constructing a powerful democracy based on people consensus .

President Emil Constantinescu of Romania ( 1996-2000) praising Kazakhstan consolidated democracy.

Professor Dr. Emil Constantinescu, President of Romania (1996-2000), presented a report entitled: KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. 20 YEARS OF DEMOCRATIC CONSTRUCTION, emphasizing the democratic credential of Kazakhstan , the success of holding free and fair elections, constructing a powerful civil society at the highest democratic standards.

President of Romania Ion Iliescu ( 1990-1996; 2000-2004 ) speaking about Kazakhstan and world economy.

Mr. Ion Iliescu, President of Romania (1990-1996; 2000-2004), had presented a report titled: KAZAKHSTAN AND WORLD ECONOMY GLOBALIZATION. The report is pressing on the impressive successes of Kazakhstan in the last 20 years: reconstructing Silk Road in transport and energy supplies lines, in promoting regional economic cooperation and in developing social and cultural status of people of Kazakhstan.

President Nursultan Nazarbaev has constructing a powerful and successful Kazakhstan, that everybody could be proud, concluded President Ion Iliescu.

Member of Romanian Parliament : Catalin Nechifor prizing Kazakhstan as a bridge between Europe and Asia. 

The other speeches where held by Catalin Nechifor , member of Romanian Parliament and Vice-President of Romania –Kazakhstan Friendship Parliamentary Group and by Dr. Mircea Constantinescu- Director of European Diplomatic Academy of European Council on International Relations. The two key note speeches had reflected the astonishing successes of Kazakhstan latest 20 years of independence : democracy, development , high standard of living , security and promoting international cooperation via international organization presided by Kazakhstan such as: Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (2010) and Organization of Islamic Conference (2011).

First chair line: H.E. Ambassador of Nigeria – Mba Ama Mba , H.E. Ambassador of  State of Palestine Ahmad Aqel , H.E. Ambassador of United Arab Emirates – Yacoub Yousef Al Hosani , H.E. Ambassador of Macedonia – Ljupco Arsovski

Second chair line: H.E. Ambassador of Sudan – Yasir Abdelsalam Ahmed

The impressive academic manifestation had enjoyed a large presence of Diplomatic Corp accredited in EuropeanUnion and  Romania, mass media organizations and over 500  academics from Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation , Romanian Academy of Sciences , European Council on International Relations , Romanian Academy of Economic Science, European Diplomatic Academy etc.

The most outstanding representatives of Diplomatic Corp accredited to Romania.

The International Academic Conference: KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION was the most important conference dedicated to Kazakhstan Independence celebration in European Union and was an example of the interest generated by Kazakhstan on world stage and of brotherly relations between European Union, Romania and Kazakhstan.

Professor dr. Anton Caragea presiding over European Council on International Relations –  European Diplomatic Academy saluted 20 Years of independence of Kazakhstan

Discussion before the conference .

Friends of European Union and Kazakhstan. Ambassadors presents on the venue of the International Conference on Kazakhstan 20 years of independence.  

Ambassadors taking part on Kazakhstan 20 years of independence International Academic Conference.

EUROPEAN UNION ACCEPTS KAZAKHSTAN AS A NEW DEMOCRACY

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On 12 April 2011 in a public ceremony , held in Bucharest at Aula Magna of Romanian Academy of Science, the world democratic community had rejoice to count a new member: Kazakhstan.

Democratic community had gathered to apllaude  a new member : Kazakhstan

In the presence of diplomatic representatives of traditional democratic states, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, president of European Council on International Relations  and director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania , had presented the EU-Romanian Monitoring Report on Kazakhstan Presidential Elections. The ceremony was especially important as it was a double held ceremony Brussels- Bucharest, as the Romanian report was accepted as a European document and publicly presented in the same day by the European Council on International Relations as a European report.

Professor Anton Caragea is endorsing the Election Monitoring Report on Kazakhstan

The conference was open by Professor Dr.Anton Caragea presentation on the electoral supervision methods, objectives, electoral monitoring theory and electoral monitoring practice. Other speeches on behalf of members of European Union- Romanian team for election monitoring   where held by Mr. Sali Negiat, undersecretary of state of Romanian Government and Mr. Gabriel Arsene, journalist. Then in a public ceremony , the Final Report of  Election Monitoring Mission in Kazakhstan was presented and handed off to Mr. Kairat Aiman – Charge d`affairs of Kazakhstan.

Monitoring commission has under scrutiny the mass media law, the election law, the political laws and the Constitutional Law of Kazakhstan and had operated a surveillance of the measure taken by the Central Electoral Commission in order to insure a free and open election atmosphere.

The European union- Romanian monitoring mission insured also the Election Day supervision, the supervision of counting and tabulation of elections results in a significant and representative number of sections and commissions.

A crowded audience listen the lesson of the birth of a democracy : Kazakhstan

The report conclusion being that is endorsing the Kazakhstan elections as representing the free and democratically expressed voice of Kazakh people decision

In his speech H.E.Kairat Aiman had warmly appreciated European Union-Romanian election monitoring team for the special efforts and dedication, for the energy inputted into this mission and for the electoral monitoring report.

″Specially I was interested by the international observer`s opinion on the democratic progress of my country and I was enthusiast to learn that our elections have obtained the international community support as democratic. I appreciate Romanian efforts″ concluded Kazakhstan Charge d`affairs-Kairat Aiman.

The Diplomatic Corp is listening to Election Monitoring Report

A question and answer session followed for a half an hour and has touched on all the pending issues on presidential elections held on 3 of April in Kazakhstan.

The 12 April 2011 event had represented for Kazakhstan the certificate for democratic and free elections and a support in continuing democratic reforms and for European Union , Romania and world democratic community a moment of pride as a new member is affirming himself on democratic path: Kazakhstan.

EUROPEAN UNION CONFIRMS DEMOCRATIC STATUS OF KAZAKHSTAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

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Between 28 of March and 6 April 2011 a European Union delegation from European Council on International Relations has realized the election monitoring for Kazakhstan presidential poll.

The monitoring mission was realized based on an invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan. Between 28 of February and 28 of March the Monitoring commission has under scrutiny the mass media law, the election law, the political laws and the Constitutional Law of Kazakhstan and had operated a surveillance of the measure taken by the Central Electoral Commission in order to insure a free and open election atmosphere.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea , President of European Council on International Relations , declares : Kazakhstan elections where in compliance with European norms

The conclusion of the European Council on International Relations monitoring commission was that: the necessary steps in order to insure an honest and balanced electoral consultation respecting democratic standards were taken by Government of Kazakhstan. The European Union monitoring mission insured also the Election Day supervision, the supervision of counting and tabulation of elections results in a significant and representative number of sections and commissions.

The preliminary conclusion of the Kazakhstan monitoring mission was publicly presented on 4 April 2011 in a press conference at Ramada Hotel in Astana by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations . The press conference included the presentation of Preliminary Monitoring Report for 3 April Presidential Elections and official presentation of data collected on election day and on tabulation phase, the conclusion being that the Monitoring Commission is endorsing the Kazakhstan elections as representing the free and democratically expressed voice of Kazakh people decision.

The European union report endorsing the free and fair character of Kazakhstan elections was presented on 4 April at 14:00 hour being fallowed at 16:00 by the Report of European Parliamentary Assembly endorsing also the democratic process of elections held in Kazakhstan and at 18:00 hours by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization report also supporting the elections result.

Finally Professor Dr. Anton Caragea held the honor of speaking on Security and Proximity Policy of European Union at Euro-Asian University. This honor was previously awarded to Hillary Clinton, George Bush jr.-United States President and Prince of Norway- Haakon and President Emil Constantinescu of Romania.

The meeting with students and professors of university had marked a two hours dialogue on European Union realities and mechanism bringing closer Central Asia and Europe.

The final report of monitoring mission of presidential election held in Kazakhstan was read in a double and concomitant ceremony in Bucharest and Brussels on 12 of April 2011.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea , President of European Council on International Relations , presents the Final Monitoring Report on Kazakhstan Presidential Election on 12 April 2011 in a duplex Bucharest-Brussels .

In the presence of Diplomatic Corp and a huge audience , Professor Dr. Anton Caragea , President of European Council on International Relations has presented the Final Report of EU Monitoring Mission concluding that :

The Election Process was on all his duration and in all his faze in conformity with international standards , international accepted norms and Copenhagen Criteria and is recognizing the April 3 Presidential Elections in Kazakhstan as free , fair , open and in complying with democratic values and criteria’s.

Today democratic and prosperous Kazakhstan is building a new euro-asian relation. Once Kazakhstan had obtained the democratic credentials European Union is having a stabile and open partner in Central Asia. The involvement of European Council on International Relations in supporting democratic process in Kazakhstan is a new bridge that is uniting the two countries.


KAZAKHSTAN ELECTIONS : FREE AND FAIR PREPARATIONS SAYS ROMANIA

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On 28 of March 2011 the Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan presented the public preliminary report regarding the pre-election monitoring of Kazakhstan Presidential poll.

Professor Anton Caragea presented the main high-lights of the report: Kazakhstan electoral law, Kazakhstan electoral commission activities and mass media and domestic and international observer’s presence for the poll.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea meets the Kazakh Central Electoral Commission Chairman when supervising 2007 parliamentary elections.

The preliminary assessment of the preparation for Presidential Election in Kazakhstan is that: ″Kazakhstan Government is insuring an open and fair climate, with equal opportunities for all candidates and with mass media and international and domestic observers’ presence and we consider that preliminary measures are in accordance with international law and elections provisions and the democratic nature of  election process in Kazakhstan  is self evident″.

A clear endorsement of the Kazakhstan pre-election preparation to hold free and open Presidential elections is the conclusion of the IRICE Commission for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan.

Based on this report Professor Anton Caragea accepted to lead a monitoring mission for Kazakhstan Presidential Election. This the eight such mission and the second in Kazakhstan all of the mission being a success and in six of this missions the final report of IRICE was accepted as an European document and evaluation report .

In 2007 a delegation from Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation has supervised the elections for Madjilis ( the Lower House of Kazakhstan Parliament ) in august 2007 with a great success supporting the democratic process in Kazakhstan.

″We are not accepting such a monitoring mission if we don’t have the confidence that the organizing state is committed in respecting fundamental values and democratic process″, declared Professor Anton Caragea, IRICE director.  Romanian support and commitment for Kazakhstan democratic process and development is a long term commitment and the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania decision in strengthening relations between Romanian and Kazakhstan is unwavering stated professor Anton Caragea.

Romania has being a long side Kazakhstan in 2010 , when Kazakhstan held the Chair Office of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and we have organized the OSCE Bucharest Conference. Kazakhstan Presidency to send a public message to international community that Kazakhstan Presidency of OSCE will be a success and the message was acknowledge as such.

Today we are sending a new message , Kazakhstan is on a democratic path , is building free and open elections, is offering to the Kazakh people a clear chance to vote ,choose and express their views in a transparent manner. ″The pre-election commitments are clear and fulfilled by Kazakhstan government  and we will be on the spot to monitor and the final step of the election: Election Day and election results″ declared Professor Dr. Anton Caragea director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation.

 

EUROPEAN UNION DELEGATION IN TURKMENISTAN

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European Union delegation visit in Turkmenistan .

Between 10 and 15 of December 2010 a European Union delegation from the European Council on International Relations was paying an official visit in the Republic of Turkmenistan at the invitation of Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov.

The European Union attended the International Congress marking the 15-th anniversary of proclamation of Turkmenistan neutrality. On this occasion professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations  and his delegation where received by Turkmenistan President that emphasized his desire for a closer relationship with European Union  . During the talks was re-issued the invitation for Turkmen President to pay an official to European Council on International Relations in 2011. The President of Turkmenistan accepted greatfully the invitation

Also on the side lines of the Conference prof.Dr.Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations has discussions with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey ,Ahmed Davutoglu  , Sergei Lebedev , Executive Chairman of Community of Independent States , Elmar Mamedyarov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan , Vladimir Norov , Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan and other personalities from Republic of Moldova , Belarus , OSCE, ECO and CIS etc.  On this occasion the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan addressed an official invitation for Professor Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations to carry an official visit in Uzbekistan in 2011.

Professor Anton Caragea , President of European Council on International Relations and President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov of Turkmenistan

The European Union delegation was received by Turkmen Parliament Presidency and hold talks at Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Economy of Turkmenistan. The parties had agreed on intensifying the bilateral relation, the political relation being considered as excellent and was emphasized the need to foster economical cooperation dimension on bilateral relations. Also was decided to make efforts in balancing the economical trade deficit between European Union  and Turkmenistan by increasing imports of European Unions  goods by Turkmenistan. Also the parties had agreed to support the opening of Turkmenistan presentation stores in Paris , Berlin and Bucharest in 2011.

The European Union delegation also visited important cultural and economical institution from Turkmenistan as: Turkmen Academy, Ashgabat University, Archeological excavation site of Nyssa, Carpet National Museum, National Museum of History, and energy sector of Turkmenistan. On this occasion the Turkmen National Television filmed and broadcasted a documentary about the international activity of Professor Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations and the significance of his visit in Turkmenistan.

The visit of European Union delegation in Turkmenistan was a resounding diplomatic success in fostering bilateral relations and in increasing the quality of European Union -Turkmenistan relationship bringing a plus of visibility and prestige to European Union diplomatic activity in Central Asia region.

MAN OF THE YEAR AWARD FOR 2010 SURPASS NOBEL PEACE PRIZE IN IMPORTANCE

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Foreign dignitaries , academic corp. member , professors warmly greeted professor Anton Caragea , president of European Council on International relations and director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania on the decision of awarding MAN OF THE YEAR title to President of Turkmenistan , H.E Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov . Professor Shirin Akiner from Cambridge University went as far as observing that MAN OF THE YEAR award has become this year more influential and less controversial than the Nobel Prize congratulating Romania for this decision.

Professor Shirin Akiner congratules prof.dr.Anton Caragea and Ambassador Shohrat Jumayev of Turkmenistan to Romania for MAN OF THE YEAR AWARD

 

OSCE Secretary General Marc Perrin de Brichambaut,

Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), had arrived in Ashgabat to attend the OSCE Secretary General Marc Perrin de Brichambaut. The head of the authoritative international organisations congratulated the Turkmen leader on receiving the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence on the 15th anniversary of neutrality and the great success of the international forum dedicated to the national holiday.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey Ahmet Davutoglu, had arrived in Ashgabat to participate in the celebration of the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan. Minister Ahmet Davutoglu congratulated the Turkmen leader on receiving the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence and the great success of the international forum dedicated to the national holiday. In this regard, the distinguished guest said that Turkey was proud to be one of the first states in 1995 to support the adoption of the United Nations Resolution on the Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan, the constructive foreign policy strategy of which due to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov’s prudence stood today as a critical factor for peace and stability in the region.

Chairman of the CIS Executive Committee

Chairman of the Executive Committee, Executive Secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States Sergei Lebedev, had arrived in Ashgabat to attend the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress and the celebrations in honour of the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Expressing gratitude for the heartfelt welcome extended in the Turkmen land, the guest congratulated the President on receiving the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence and emphasized that he was glad to visit again Turkmenistan, which due to the Turkmen leader’s innovative, prudent policy had gained the reputation of being a dynamically developing country with the great future in the world arena. Another evidence for this was the high-level forum organized in Ashgabat, which had provided an open platform for an exchange of views on new approaches and forms of interstate cooperation, including issues of stability and security in Central Asia and all over the world.

ECO Secretary General

Mohammad Yahya Maroofi, Secretary General of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), who had arrived in Ashgabat to attend the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Expressing gratitude for the opportunity of a personal meeting, the distinguished guest heartily congratulated the leader of the Turkmen state and the Turkmen people the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan. Mr Mohammed Yahya Maroufi emphasized that Turkmenistan’s open door policy and the Turkmen leader’s constructive initiatives on wide international cooperation had earned Turkmenistan the high international prestige. Another evidence for that was the presence of Professor Anton Caragea awarding the title of honour of “the Man of the Year” of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania to President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and the presence of the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania, said the ECO Secretary General.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan Vladimir Norov,

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan, had arrived in the Turkmen capital to participate in the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on receiving the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” awarded by the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Dr. Anton Caragea presence at the meeting noting that this award vividly testified to worldwide recognition of the outstanding achievements of the Turkmen leader, the author of the foreign policy neutral Turkmenistan and the strategy for fundamental progressive reforms, which had won the country had the high international prestige by the community.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Republic ,

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Elmar Mamedyarov, who had arrived in Ashgabat to participate in the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress. The meeting took place in the Ruhiyet Palace, which had become the venue for the conference. The Azerbaijani Foreign Minister congratulated the Turkmen leader on receiving the prestigious title of “The Man of the Year” , of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Anton Caragea presence. He said that Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania, one of the major research centres in Europe.

UAE Minister of Culture, Youth and Community Development Abdul Rahman Mohammed Al Owais,

Minister of Culture, Youth and Community Development of the United Arab Emirates, who arrived in Ashgabat to attend the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress, in his residence at the Oguzkent Hotel. Emphasizing that the United Arab Emirates took great interest in large-scale progressive reforms launched in Turkmenistan on the initiative of the national leader and were sincerely proud in the achievements gained by Turkmen brothers, the guest congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on receiving the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” by the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and on the presence of professor Anton Caragea on the event .

Shanghai Cooperation Organization Secretary General ,

Muratbek Imanaliev, Secretary General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), who had arrived in Ashgabat to participate in the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress and the celebrations to mark the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan, at the Ruhiyet Palace. Greeting the leader of the Turkmen state, the distinguished guest congratulated Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on the organisation of the high-level international forum in Ashgabat dedicated to the landmark date in the history of independent Turkmenistan as well as awarding the diploma of the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” to the Turkmen leader. The SCO Secretary-General noted that by pursuing the active, consistent peacekeeping policy, Turkmenistan demonstrated a responsible approach to international cooperation as illustrated by the Turkmen leader’s statement at the conference opening ceremony.

Organization of Islamic Conference

Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu at the Ruhiyet Palace, where the ceremony of opening the International Conference on Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan: Cooperation for Peace, Security and Progress had taken place. The head of the largest international organisation congratulated President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov on the success of the statement at the International Conference, the high level of which was another bright evidence for the growing prestige and role of Turkmenistan in the world arena and the 15th anniversary of neutrality of Turkmenistan celebrated widely in the country. taking an opportunity, Mr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu congratulated the leader of the Turkmen state on receiving the title of honour of “The Man of the Year” warded by the Executive Committee of the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and emphasized that this event was a sign of wide recognition of an invaluable contribution made by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to strengthening peace, security and sustainable development.

 

NATO IS LOSING AFGHAN WAR AND ANY CREDIBILITY AFTER LISBON SUMMIT

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Lisbon Summit will be surely remembered as one of the lost opportunity of the North Atlantic Treaty to reform and to obtain a new significance in the XXI century. Instead of this, the Summit concentrated on an unwinnable war in Afghanistan and lost the sight of the fact that already Taliban’s are a force that can’t be uprooted from the country. No mention of the corruption and inefficiency that is crippling afghan army and administration and is making unthinkable the time line of 2014 for redraw from Afghanistan. After days of planning to win a war that is already lost on the ground the Summit turn his attention on the much anticipated European defense shield construction. Here also the summit did not produced any new information, still the same countries Romania and Bulgaria are accepting the defense shield while there are all the indication that Turkey will refuse the military installation on here soil. The Russia – NATO discussion was a new failure of this summit: Russia wanted security concern alleviated and a meaningful discussion on defense shield. Instead of this Russia was proposed an anti-Iran and anti-China partnership and support for President Dimitry Medvedev reform plans against Prime Minister Vladimir Putin conservative agenda. The new security concept of NATO that should have prepared the alliance for the new century  is still  the old one discussed in Bucharest in 2008 plus for convenience two lines on global warming and on cyber terrorism.

For Romania this a specially unfruitful summit as Romanian delegation goes unprepared to the summit and suffered serious humiliation from the part of    French and Italian delegation that refused even the protocol necessary contact. Supplementary Romania accepted the plan of missile defense shield without any security guarantee or material compensation (for comparison Turkey was offered a financial package of 40 billion euro for the same deal that Romania got nothing). Romanian national interests in Black Sea region where ignored but we received the honor of being the country that will head the next wave of antiterrorist war, a word    that is hiding the attack on Iran nuclear facilities. In conclusion if for Romania the Lisbon summit was an unprecedented humiliation for NATO it was a missed opportunity.

Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of The Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation adopted by Heads of State and Government in Lisbon

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    1. NATO’s fundamental and enduring purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of all its members by political and military means. Today, the Alliance remains an essential source of stability in an unpredictable world.
    2. NATO member states form a unique community of values, committed to the principles of individual liberty, democracy, human rights and the rule of law. The Alliance is firmly committed to the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and to the Washington Treaty, which affirms the primary responsibility of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security.
    3. The political and military bonds between Europe and North America have been forged in NATO since the Alliance was founded in 1949; the transatlantic link remains as strong, and as important to the preservation of Euro-Atlantic peace and security, as ever. The security of NATO members on both sides of the Atlantic is indivisible. We will continue to defend it together, on the basis of solidarity, shared purpose and fair burden-sharing.
    4. The modern security environment contains a broad and evolving set of challenges to the security of NATO’s territory and populations. In order to assure their security, the Alliance must and will continue fulfilling effectively three essential core tasks, all of which contribute to safeguarding Alliance members, and always in accordance with international law:
      1. Collective defence. NATO members will always assist each other against attack, in accordance with Article 5 of the Washington Treaty. That commitment remains firm and binding. NATO will deter and defend against any threat of aggression, and against emerging security challenges where they threaten the fundamental security of individual Allies or the Alliance as a whole.
      2. Crisis management. NATO has a unique and robust set of political and military capabilities to address the full spectrum of crises – before, during and after conflicts. NATO will actively employ an appropriate mix of those political and military tools to help manage developing crises that have the potential to affect Alliance security, before they escalate into conflicts; to stop ongoing conflicts where they affect Alliance security; and to help consolidate stability in post-conflict situations where that contributes to Euro-Atlantic security.
      3. Cooperative security. The Alliance is affected by, and can affect, political and security developments beyond its borders. The Alliance will engage actively to enhance international security, through partnership with relevant countries and other international organisations; by contributing actively to arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament; and by keeping the door to membership in the Alliance open to all European democracies that meet NATO’s standards.
    5. NATO remains the unique and essential transatlantic forum for consultations on all matters that affect the territorial integrity, political independence and security of its members, as set out in Article 4 of the Washington Treaty. Any security issue of interest to any Ally can be brought to the NATO table, to share information, exchange views and, where appropriate, forge common approaches.
    6. In order to carry out the full range of NATO missions as effectively and efficiently as possible, Allies will engage in a continuous process of reform, modernisation and transformation.
    1. Today, the Euro-Atlantic area is at peace and the threat of a conventional attack against NATO territory is low. That is an historic success for the policies of robust defence, Euro-Atlantic integration and active partnership that have guided NATO for more than half a century.
    2. However, the conventional threat cannot be ignored. Many regions and countries around the world are witnessing the acquisition of substantial, modern military capabilities with consequences for international stability and Euro-Atlantic security that are difficult to predict. This includes the proliferation of ballistic missiles, which poses a real and growing threat to the Euro-Atlantic area.
    3. The proliferation of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, and their means of delivery, threatens incalculable consequences for global stability and prosperity. During the next decade, proliferation will be most acute in some of the world’s most volatile regions.
    4. Terrorism poses a direct threat to the security of the citizens of NATO countries, and to international stability and prosperity more broadly. Extremist groups continue to spread to, and in, areas of strategic importance to the Alliance, and modern technology increases the threat and potential impact of terrorist attacks, in particular if terrorists were to acquire nuclear, chemical, biological or radiological capabilities.
    5. Instability or conflict beyond NATO borders can directly threaten Alliance security, including by fostering extremism, terrorism, and trans-national illegal activities such as trafficking in arms, narcotics and people.
    6. Cyber attacks are becoming more frequent, more organised and more costly in the damage that they inflict on government administrations, businesses, economies and potentially also transportation and supply networks and other critical infrastructure; they can reach a threshold that threatens national and Euro-Atlantic prosperity, security and stability. Foreign militaries and intelligence services, organised criminals, terrorist and/or extremist groups can each be the source of such attacks.
    7. All countries are increasingly reliant on the vital communication, transport and transit routes on which international trade, energy security and prosperity depend. They require greater international efforts to ensure their resilience against attack or disruption. Some NATO countries will become more dependent on foreign energy suppliers and in some cases, on foreign energy supply and distribution networks for their energy needs. As a larger share of world consumption is transported across the globe, energy supplies are increasingly exposed to disruption.
    8. A number of significant technology-related trends – including the development of laser weapons, electronic warfare and technologies that impede access to space – appear poised to have major global effects that will impact on NATO military planning and operations.
    9. Key environmental and resource constraints, including health risks, climate change, water scarcity and increasing energy needs will further shape the future security environment in areas of concern to NATO and have the potential to significantly affect NATO planning and operations.
    1. The greatest responsibility of the Alliance is to protect and defend our territory and our populations against attack, as set out in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty. The Alliance does not consider any country to be its adversary. However, no one should doubt NATO’s resolve if the security of any of its members were to be threatened.
    2. Deterrence, based on an appropriate mix of nuclear and conventional capabilities, remains a core element of our overall strategy. The circumstances in which any use of nuclear weapons might have to be contemplated are extremely remote. As long as nuclear weapons exist, NATO will remain a nuclear alliance.
    3. The supreme guarantee of the security of the Allies is provided by the strategic nuclear forces of the Alliance, particularly those of the United States; the independent strategic nuclear forces of the United Kingdom and France, which have a deterrent role of their own, contribute to the overall deterrence and security of the Allies.
    4. We will ensure that NATO has the full range of capabilities necessary to deter and defend against any threat to the safety and security of our populations. Therefore, we will:
      • maintain an appropriate mix of nuclear and conventional forces;
      • maintain the ability to sustain concurrent major joint operations and several smaller operations for collective defence and crisis response, including at strategic distance;
      • develop and maintain robust, mobile and deployable conventional forces to carry out both our Article 5 responsibilities and the Alliance’s expeditionary operations, including with the NATO Response Force;
      • carry out the necessary training, exercises, contingency planning and information exchange for assuring our defence against the full range of conventional and emerging security challenges, and provide appropriate visible assurance and reinforcement for all Allies;
      • ensure the broadest possible participation of Allies in collective defence planning on nuclear roles, in peacetime basing of nuclear forces, and in command, control and consultation arrangements;
      • develop the capability to defend our populations and territories against ballistic missile attack as a core element of our collective defence, which contributes to the indivisible security of the Alliance. We will actively seek cooperation on missile defence with Russia and other Euro-Atlantic partners;
      • further develop NATO’s capacity to defend against the threat of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons of mass destruction;
      • develop further our ability to prevent, detect, defend against and recover from cyber-attacks, including by using the NATO planning process to enhance and coordinate national cyber-defence capabilities, bringing all NATO bodies under centralized cyber protection, and better integrating NATO cyber awareness, warning and response with member nations;
      • enhance the capacity to detect and defend against international terrorism, including through enhanced analysis of the threat, more consultations with our partners, and the development of appropriate military capabilities, including to help train local forces to fight terrorism themselves;
      • develop the capacity to contribute to energy security, including protection of critical energy infrastructure and transit areas and lines, cooperation with partners, and consultations among Allies on the basis of strategic assessments and contingency planning;
      • ensure that the Alliance is at the front edge in assessing the security impact of emerging technologies, and that military planning takes the potential threats into account;
      • sustain the necessary levels of defence spending, so that our armed forces are sufficiently resourced;
      • continue to review NATO’s overall posture in deterring and defending against the full range of threats to the Alliance, taking into account changes to the evolving international security environment.
    1. Crises and conflicts beyond NATO’s borders can pose a direct threat to the security of Alliance territory and populations. NATO will therefore engage, where possible and when necessary, to prevent crises, manage crises, stabilize post-conflict situations and support reconstruction.
    2. The lessons learned from NATO operations, in particular in Afghanistan and the Western Balkans, make it clear that a comprehensive political, civilian and military approach is necessary for effective crisis management. The Alliance will engage actively with other international actors before, during and after crises to encourage collaborative analysis, planning and conduct of activities on the ground, in order to maximise coherence and effectiveness of the overall international effort.
    3. The best way to manage conflicts is to prevent them from happening. NATO will continually monitor and analyse the international environment to anticipate crises and, where appropriate, take active steps to prevent them from becoming larger conflicts.
    4. Where conflict prevention proves unsuccessful, NATO will be prepared and capable to manage ongoing hostilities. NATO has unique conflict management capacities, including the unparalleled capability to deploy and sustain robust military forces in the field. NATO-led operations have demonstrated the indispensable contribution the Alliance can make to international conflict management efforts.
    5. Even when conflict comes to an end, the international community must often provide continued support, to create the conditions for lasting stability. NATO will be prepared and capable to contribute to stabilisation and reconstruction, in close cooperation and consultation wherever possible with other relevant international actors.
    6. To be effective across the crisis management spectrum, we will:
      • enhance intelligence sharing within NATO, to better predict when crises might occur, and how they can best be prevented;
      • further develop doctrine and military capabilities for expeditionary operations, including counterinsurgency, stabilization and reconstruction operations;
      • form an appropriate but modest civilian crisis management capability to interface more effectively with civilian partners, building on the lessons learned from NATO-led operations. This capability may also be used to plan, employ and coordinate civilian activities until conditions allow for the transfer of those responsibilities and tasks to other actors;
      • enhance integrated civilian-military planning throughout the crisis spectrum,
      • develop the capability to train and develop local forces in crisis zones, so that local authorities are able, as quickly as possible, to maintain security without international assistance;
      • identify and train civilian specialists from member states, made available for rapid deployment by Allies for selected missions, able to work alongside our military personnel and civilian specialists from partner countries and institutions;
      • broaden and intensify the political consultations among Allies, and with partners, both on a regular basis and in dealing with all stages of a crisis – before, during and after.
    1. NATO seeks its security at the lowest possible level of forces. Arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation contribute to peace, security and stability, and should ensure undiminished security for all Alliance members. We will continue to play our part in reinforcing arms control and in promoting disarmament of both conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction, as well as non-proliferation efforts:
      • We are resolved to seek a safer world for all and to create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons in accordance with the goals of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in a way that promotes international stability, and is based on the principle of undiminished security for all.
      • With the changes in the security environment since the end of the Cold War, we have dramatically reduced the number of nuclear weapons stationed in Europe and our reliance on nuclear weapons in NATO strategy. We will seek to create the conditions for further reductions in the future.
      • In any future reductions, our aim should be to seek Russian agreement to increase transparency on its nuclear weapons in Europe and relocate these weapons away from the territory of NATO members. Any further steps must take into account the disparity with the greater Russian stockpiles of short-range nuclear weapons.
      • We are committed to conventional arms control, which provides predictability, transparency and a means to keep armaments at the lowest possible level for stability. We will work to strengthen the conventional arms control regime in Europe on the basis of reciprocity, transparency and host-nation consent.
      • We will explore ways for our political means and military capabilities to contribute to international efforts to fight proliferation.
      • National decisions regarding arms control and disarmament may have an impact on the security of all Alliance members. We are committed to maintain, and develop as necessary, appropriate consultations among Allies on these issues.
    1. NATO’s enlargement has contributed substantially to the security of Allies; the prospect of further enlargement and the spirit of cooperative security have advanced stability in Europe more broadly. Our goal of a Europe whole and free, and sharing common values, would be best served by the eventual integration of all European countries that so desire into Euro-Atlantic structures.
      • The door to NATO membership remains fully open to all European democracies which share the values of our Alliance, which are willing and able to assume the responsibilities and obligations of membership, and whose inclusion can contribute to common security and stability.
    1. The promotion of Euro-Atlantic security is best assured through a wide network of partner relationships with countries and organisations around the globe. These partnerships make a concrete and valued contribution to the success of NATO’s fundamental tasks.
    2. Dialogue and cooperation with partners can make a concrete contribution to enhancing international security, to defending the values on which our Alliance is based, to NATO’s operations, and to preparing interested nations for membership of NATO. These relationships will be based on reciprocity, mutual benefit and mutual respect.
    3. We will enhance our partnerships through flexible formats that bring NATO and partners together – across and beyond existing frameworks:
      • We are prepared to develop political dialogue and practical cooperation with any nations and relevant organisations across the globe that share our interest in peaceful international relations.
      • We will be open to consultation with any partner country on security issues of common concern.
      • We will give our operational partners a structural role in shaping strategy and decisions on NATO-led missions to which they contribute.
      • We will further develop our existing partnerships while preserving their specificity.
    4. Cooperation between NATO and the United Nations continues to make a substantial contribution to security in operations around the world. The Alliance aims to deepen political dialogue and practical cooperation with the UN, as set out in the UN-NATO Declaration signed in 2008, including through:
      • enhanced liaison between the two Headquarters;
      • more regular political consultation; and
      • enhanced practical cooperation in managing crises where both organisations are engaged.
    5. An active and effective European Union contributes to the overall security of the Euro-Atlantic area. Therefore the EU is a unique and essential partner for NATO. The two organisations share a majority of members, and all members of both organisations share common values. NATO recognizes the importance of a stronger and more capable European defence. We welcome the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, which provides a framework for strengthening the EU’s capacities to address common security challenges. Non-EU Allies make a significant contribution to these efforts. For the strategic partnership between NATO and the EU, their fullest involvement in these efforts is essential. NATO and the EU can and should play complementary and mutually reinforcing roles in supporting international peace and security. We are determined to make our contribution to create more favourable circumstances through which we will:
      • fully strengthen the strategic partnership with the EU, in the spirit of full mutual openness, transparency, complementarity and respect for the autonomy and institutional integrity of both organisations;
      • enhance our practical cooperation in operations throughout the crisis spectrum, from coordinated planning to mutual support in the field;
      • broaden our political consultations to include all issues of common concern, in order to share assessments and perspectives;
      • cooperate more fully in capability development, to minimise duplication and maximise cost-effectiveness.
    6. NATO-Russia cooperation is of strategic importance as it contributes to creating a common space of peace, stability and security. NATO poses no threat to Russia. On the contrary: we want to see a true strategic partnership between NATO and Russia, and we will act accordingly, with the expectation of reciprocity from Russia.
    7. The NATO-Russia relationship is based upon the goals, principles and commitments of the NATO-Russia Founding Act and the Rome Declaration, especially regarding the respect of democratic principles and the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all states in the Euro-Atlantic area. Notwithstanding differences on particular issues, we remain convinced that the security of NATO and Russia is intertwined and that a strong and constructive partnership based on mutual confidence, transparency and predictability can best serve our security. We are determined to:
      • enhance the political consultations and practical cooperation with Russia in areas of shared interests, including missile defence, counter-terrorism, counter-narcotics, counter-piracy and the promotion of wider international security;
      • use the full potential of the NATO-Russia Council for dialogue and joint action with Russia.
    8. The Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and Partnership for Peace are central to our vision of Europe whole, free and in peace. We are firmly committed to the development of friendly and cooperative relations with all countries of the Mediterranean, and we intend to further develop the Mediterranean Dialogue in the coming years. We attach great importance to peace and stability in the Gulf region, and we intend to strengthen our cooperation in the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative. We will aim to:
      • enhance consultations and practical military cooperation with our partners in the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council;
      • continue and develop the partnerships with Ukraine and Georgia within the NATO-Ukraine and NATO-Georgia Commissions, based on the NATO decision at the Bucharest summit 2008, and taking into account the Euro-Atlantic orientation or aspiration of each of the countries;
      • facilitate the Euro-Atlantic integration of the Western Balkans, with the aim to ensure lasting peace and stability based on democratic values, regional cooperation and good neighbourly relations;
      • deepen the cooperation with current members of the Mediterranean Dialogue and be open to the inclusion in the Mediterranean Dialogue of other countries of the region;
      • develop a deeper security partnership with our Gulf partners and remain ready to welcome new partners in the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative.
    1. Unique in history, NATO is a security Alliance that fields military forces able to operate together in any environment; that can control operations anywhere through its integrated military command structure; and that has at its disposal core capabilities that few Allies could afford individually.
    2. NATO must have sufficient resources – financial, military and human – to carry out its missions, which are essential to the security of Alliance populations and territory. Those resources must, however, be used in the most efficient and effective way possible. We will:
      • maximise the deployability of our forces, and their capacity to sustain operations in the field, including by undertaking focused efforts to meet NATO’s usability targets;
      • ensure the maximum coherence in defence planning, to reduce unnecessary duplication, and to focus our capability development on modern requirements;
      • develop and operate capabilities jointly, for reasons of cost-effectiveness and as a manifestation of solidarity;
      • preserve and strengthen the common capabilities, standards, structures and funding that bind us together;
      • engage in a process of continual reform, to streamline structures, improve working methods and maximise efficiency.
    1. We, the political leaders of NATO, are determined to continue renewal of our Alliance so that it is fit for purpose in addressing the 21st Century security challenges. We are firmly committed to preserve its effectiveness as the globe’s most successful political-military Alliance. Our Alliance thrives as a source of hope because it is based on common values of individual liberty, democracy, human rights and the rule of law, and because our common essential and enduring purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members. These values and objectives are universal and perpetual, and we are determined to defend them through unity, solidarity, strength and resolve.
    • It reconfirms the bond between our nations to defend one another against attack, including against new threats to the safety of our citizens.
    • It commits the Alliance to prevent crises, manage conflicts and stabilize post-conflict situations, including by working more closely with our international partners, most importantly the United Nations and the European Union.
    • It offers our partners around the globe more political engagement with the Alliance, and a substantial role in shaping the NATO-led operations to which they contribute.
    • It commits NATO to the goal of creating the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons – but reconfirms that, as long as there are nuclear weapons in the world, NATO will remain a nuclear Alliance.
    • It restates our firm commitment to keep the door to NATO open to all European democracies that meet the standards of membership, because enlargement contributes to our goal of a Europe whole, free and at peace.
    • It commits NATO to continuous reform towards a more effective, efficient and flexible Alliance, so that our taxpayers get the most security for the money they invest in defence.
  2. We, the Heads of State and Government of the NATO nations, are determined that NATO will continue to play its unique and essential role in ensuring our common defence and security. This Strategic Concept will guide the next phase in NATO’s evolution, so that it continues to be effective in a changing world, against new threats, with new capabilities and new partners:

    The citizens of our countries rely on NATO to defend Allied nations, to deploy robust military forces where and when required for our security, and to help promote common security with our partners around the globe. While the world is changing, NATO’s essential mission will remain the same: to ensure that the Alliance remains an unparalleled community of freedom, peace, security and shared values.